Traumatic Brain Injuries and How They Affect Victims
Posted on : October 18, 2017
by : Carlos Alvarez Tostado
After a serious personal injury accident, many victims need months of treatment or rehabilitation to be able to move their body and function as they could before. When those injuries come in the form of an injury to the brain, victims struggle not only with moving the way they once did, but also with thinking, feeling, and perceiving as they once did. Traumatic brain injuries don’t just affect their victims; they can affect family, loved ones, and coworkers to a profound degree. Learn more about the main categories of brain injury and their impact on victims, and contact a San Diego brain injury lawyer for more information after an accident.
How brain injuries happen
About 2.5 million people visit the emergency room, are hospitalized, or die each year after suffering a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBIs occur when victims suffer some type of blunt trauma, blow, or jolt to the head, resulting in a change in mental status or a loss of consciousness lasting moments or, in severe cases, years. When a blow or jolt is sufficiently strong, the fluid surrounding the brain and cushioning it is unable to protect it from hitting the skull, causing damage to brain matter. TBIs are most often caused by falls, blunt force trauma, car accidents, and violent incidents. These injuries are believed to contribute to about 30% of all injury-related deaths in the US. The most severe types of TBI stem from penetration injuries caused by a foreign object entering the skull, brain contusions, and diffuse axonal injuries, where the brain tissue tears as a result of a violent accident.
Impact of TBIs on victims
Mild TBIs, such as concussions, may not significantly impair how the victim’s mind functions for a prolonged period of time, provided that the victim suffered only one concussion. Concussion victims might find that they have greater difficulty in remembering information, or that they are more easily frustrated, but these symptoms often fade. Research has now shown that victims of numerous concussions sustained over the course of years can develop what is known as Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), a condition that can cause severe depression, anger, and a loss of impulse control.
More severe brain injuries can cause more extensive consequences for victims, and may last indefinitely. Victims of severe TBI often experience changes to their personality and cognition, such as difficulty with their memories, a shortened attention span, difficulties with language (either understanding others or remembering words), inability to control their anger or emotions, a tendency to become easily frustrated, and depression. Serious brain injuries can severely impair the victim’s ability to control or coordinate their muscles, resulting in full or partial paralysis. Victims may suffer a partial or total loss of senses, seizures, and trouble sleeping. These conditions may require extensive rehabilitation, medical treatment, or the help of a live-in aide, and can cost families hundreds of thousands of dollars to treat.
If you or someone you love has been injured in a major accident in California and you want help getting the compensation you deserve for these injuries, contact the compassionate and effective San Diego personal injury lawyers at the Banker’s Hill Law Firm for a consultation, at 619-230-0330.